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You need to be alert! This is the main cause of gout



iHealthBuzz - So in fact, the cause of gout is the level of uric acid itself which is too much in the body. Under normal circumstances, these chemicals will be released by the body through urine and feces.

However, in people who experience gout, the amount of uric acid is too much and cannot be processed by the body. Eventually, these substances will form crystals and accumulate around the joints, causing inflammation.

Then what is the cause of high uric acid in the body? The cause of too high uric acid is too often and consume lots of foods containing purines. Purine is a chemical that is produced naturally by the body, but is also contained in several types of food.

When someone consumes foods that contain purines, the body will process them into gout. So, the more you eat foods that contain purines, the higher your risk for gout.

What increases my risk for gout?

Eating too much food containing purines can indeed be the main cause of gout. But actually there are various other risk factors that can make you experience gout.

What are the risk factors for gout?

Age and gender. 

Although it is not yet known why, gout is more experienced by men than women. Meanwhile, older people are also more susceptible to this disease than young adults.

Family health history. 

If you have a family member who has gout, then you are also more likely to experience the same thing. Although this is not the main cause of gout, but by knowing your family's medical history, you can be more alert to this disease.

Excessive weight gain. 

Having a weight that exceeds normal, can increase the risk of developing this disease. People who have a body mass index of more than 25 kg / m2 must be more vigilant to get gout.

High blood pressure

Implement an unhealthy lifestyle. Eating foods that contain lots of purines, such as meat and seafood will make symptoms of gout appear. In addition, drinking excessive amounts of alcohol can cause uric acid to surge.

Dehydration. 

If you experience a lack of fluids, then your body will have difficulty removing the acid in the urine. This is one of the causes of uric acid accumulating in the body.

After surgery or injury. Injury can be a cause of gout because this condition causes inflammation in the joints which then triggers other symptoms of gout.

How do doctors diagnose gout?

Gout is often misleading because most of the symptoms are almost the same as the symptoms of other diseases. Sometimes, even though the amount of uric acid has been high, no symptoms of gout appear. Therefore, if someone is suspected of having gout, then there are several tests that are recommended to be carried out, namely:

Joint fluid test. 

This examination is done by taking swollen joint fluid using a syringe.

Blood test. 

This test aims to determine whether the amount of uric acid is high or not in the blood.

Urine test. 

In addition to blood tests, these chemicals will be seen in the levels in your urine. If it is not normal, then you are very likely to experience gout.

X-rays. 

Gout sufferers need to do x-rays to see further the cause of inflammation that occurs in the joints.

CT scan. 

This examination can detect where the crystalline pile is located, although it does not cause symptoms.

Can gout cure this disease?

There is no gout remedy that can make a person free from this disease forever. Even so, do not worry, gout can be consumed to control and alleviate the symptoms that arise.

So, if you want to avoid future attacks of gout, you must be obedient to take gout medication prescribed by your doctor and live a healthy lifestyle.

The symptoms that appear can be treated by taking the following gout medications:

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for treating sudden and severe attacks of gout. Examples of this type of gout are ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac, and etoricoxib.

Steroids can be used as alternative gout medicines besides NSAIDs. This type of drug is available in oral or injection form which can be directly inserted into the joints. For example, prednisone and methylprednisone.

Colchicine helps reduce the risk of recurrence. Your doctor will prescribe this gout medication, if NSAID is not right for you. But in some cases the side effects of this drug can cause diarrhea, nausea, and stomach cramps.

Drugs that control the level of uric acid in the blood such as allopurinol, probenecid, and febuxostat.
What are the complications that might occur if you do not take gout?

If gout sufferers do not take gout regularly, the symptoms will feel worse. In fact, it is not impossible for this disease to cause other health problems, such as:

Tophi 

This condition is characterized by a buildup of crystals under the skin surface. Typically, these lumps will appear around the toes, knees, fingers, and ears. If not handled properly, the tophi will get bigger and bigger.

Joint damage. 

If the patient ignores the suggestion to take gout, it is not impossible that the joint will be permanently damaged. This condition increases the risk of injury and other bone and joint health problems.

Kidney stones. 

Crystal buildup does not only occur in the joints. If uric acid is not treated properly, the crystals can accumulate in the kidneys. This will make the kidneys have stones and block the flow of urine out.

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