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Health Definition: What is vertigo?

iHealthBuzz - Vertigo is a condition in which the sufferer feels as if the environment around him is spinning or floating. This condition will also make the sufferer lose balance, making it difficult to simply stand or even walk. The best way to describe vertigo is to rotate your body several times and feel the resulting condition.

Keep in mind, vertigo is not a disease name. However, a collection of symptoms that can occur suddenly or last for a certain period of time at a time.

What are the symptoms of vertigo?

Common symptoms of this disease are dizziness, the sensation of a spinning head or head kliyengan, and loss of balance. These signs will trigger the sufferer to experience a sensation of nausea, vomiting, excessive sweating, headaches, sometimes even accompanied by nystagmus (abnormal eye movements), ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and the sensation of falling. Usually, this condition will disappear and can last for several minutes, hours, or even days.

Please consult a doctor if your condition does not improve. The doctor will usually ask for your symptoms, do a simple examination, and recommend further tests. Especially if the frequency you experience this disease, including often.

What are the causes of vertigo?

The actual cause of vertigo depends on the type of vertigo experienced. In general, there are two types of vertigo which are classified according to their causes. Each condition also has its own cause.

1. Peripheral vertigo

This is the type of vertigo that is most often experienced by most people. The cause of peripheral vertigo is caused by a disturbance in the inner ear that functions to regulate body balance.

When you move your head, the inside of your ear will tell you where your head is and then send a signal to your brain to maintain balance. However, if there are problems on the inside of the ear, then you will feel pain and dizziness. This can occur due to inflammation in the inner ear or due to a viral infection.

In addition, this type of vertigo is caused by several other things such as:

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)

BPPV is the most common cause of vertigo, which is a condition in which the inner ear vestibuler is disturbed and is triggered by sudden changes in position and head movements. For example:

Change the position of the head from an upright position to bow suddenly

Wake up suddenly from sleep

Movement to look head up

BPPV conditions are also more susceptible to experience by people who have had surgery to their ears, have a history of head injury, have an ear infection, and are in a period of healing and bedrest.

Experts suspect that BPPV occurs due to the presence of crystalline flakes of kabonate that escape from the walls of the inner ear canal. So like this, in the middle ear, there is a carbonate crystal that functions to create the illusion of motion. When changes in head position occur suddenly, these crystals will enter the part of the ear that contains fluid balance.

The entry of these crystals stimulates abnormal fluid movements when you move certain heads. Well, this is what makes a person unbalanced and the world around him feels spinning.

This condition usually occurs in a short time and is often experienced by people over the age of 50 years. However, it is also possible if younger people can experience this condition.

History of head injury

Another cause of peripheral vertigo is due to the impact of a history of head injury. People who have had a head injury before, may experience inner ear disorders which then cause vertigo.

Experiencing labirintitis

Labirintitis is inflammation and infection that occurs in the inner ear, especially in the winding and fluid filled channels. This inner ear plays an important role in controlling one's hearing and balance. Inner ear infections are usually caused by viruses and bacteria, for example in people with the flu or colds.

If you experience this disease due to labirintitis, other symptoms that will also arise are nausea, vomiting, loss of hearing ability, ear pain, and fever.

Vestibular neuronitis

Vestibular neuronitis is inflammation that occurs in the nerves of the ear that are directly connected with the brain. This inflammation is caused by a viral infection that usually occurs suddenly without accompanied by other symptoms or signs, even there is no problem in the ability of hearing.

This condition can occur for several hours a day. Symptoms of loss of balance, head kliyengan, nausea, and even vomiting. Although this inflammation occurs in the nerves of the ear, this condition does not usually make the sufferer experience hearing loss.

Ménière's disease

Ménière's disease is a rare disease that attacks the inner ear. Although Ménière's disease is rare, this condition can be a very severe cause of vertigo. Even in some cases, symptoms include ringing in the ears, and hearing loss within a certain period of time.

If you experience Ménière's disease, the symptoms that appear will be experienced for several hours or even days. This disease is also accompanied by symptoms of severe nausea and vomiting. Although quite dangerous, experts have not been able to ascertain what is the cause of Ménière's disease.

2. Vertigo central

In contrast to peripheral vertigo caused by disorders of the ear and organ balance, central vertigo occurs due to problems in the brain. The part of the brain that most influences the incidence of this disease is the cerebellum or cerebellum.

Here are some conditions that cause central vertigo:

Migraine, which is an unbearable headache accompanied by throbbing pain and is often experienced by young people. Migraines are usually experienced by young people and are considered as one of the common causes of this disease. Avoiding triggers and treating migraines can usually alleviate this disease.

Multiple sclerosis, a nerve signal disorder that occurs in the central nervous system - the brain and spine - which is caused by errors in a person's immune system.

Acoustic neuroma is a benign tumor that grows on the vestibular nerve, which is the nervous system that connects the ear to the brain. So far the acoustic neuroma is caused by genetic abnormalities.

Brain tumors that attack the cerebellum or cerebellum, resulting in impaired coordination of body movements.

Stroke, the blockage of blood vessels that occur in the brain.

Take several types of drugs that can cause side effects of vertigo.

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