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Health Definition: What is Gout?

iHealthBuzz - Gout is a form of arthritis that causes redness, swelling, and pain that comes suddenly in the joints of your body. Sometimes there are also laymen who call it gout, but this is not entirely correct.

The big toe is the part most often affected by gout, but this disease can also affect other joints in the foot, such as knees, ankles, soles. Gout also sometimes occurs in the arms, hands, wrists, and elbows. The spine can also be affected though rarely.

Although gout can be a chronic disease, this condition can be cured and prevented from recurring. This condition can be managed by reducing several lifestyle factors. Please discuss with your doctor for more information.

How common is gout?

Gout occurs in about 1 in 200 adults. This condition can affect everyone, regardless of age and gender, but men are more likely to experience it than women.

Usually, this gout occurs in the 30-50 years age group in men, while in women more often found in those who have experienced menopause. Meanwhile, the age group of teenagers and children very rarely experience this disease.

What are the symptoms of gout?

In some cases, gout does not show any symptoms at first. Symptoms of gout usually begin to appear when the patient has experienced an acute or chronic condition. The most common symptoms are:

Joint pain is severe and sudden, which often occurs first in the morning

Swollen and soft joints

Reddish joints

The burning sensation around the joint

Gout symptoms usually appear suddenly, unpredictable, and often occur in the middle of the night. Most gout symptoms only occur within a few hours for 1-2 days. But in severe cases, pain in the joints can occur within weeks. If you experience these symptoms, then the gout you have is quite severe.

Meanwhile, there are also those who experience symptoms of gout for up to 6-12 months - in different intensities each day. This condition, quite severe, and if you experience it, it is better immediately consult a doctor.

There may be signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have a concern about a specific symptom, consult your doctor.

What are the stages of gout?

There are three stages of gout based on its severity, namely:

The first stage. 

At this stage uric acid levels have risen in the blood, but no symptoms of gout appear. You may never experience symptoms of gout. Usually, people who experience this, will only feel the symptoms of gout the first time after he was attacked by kidney stone disease.

Second stage. 

Upon entering the second stage, the uric acid levels that are too high have formed crystals that usually occur in the toes. At this stage, you will only feel aches and pains in your joints, but this will not last long. After a while, you will experience other symptoms of gout with an intensity and frequency that is increasingly frequent.

Third phase. 

In this third stage, the symptoms of gout don't go away and the uric acid crystals that form don't just attack a single joint. In fact, in this stage will appear lumps of these substances that have crystallized under the skin. This condition causes more severe pain and can damage cartilage.
Most people who suffer from this disease only experience one or two stages. Quite often people who suffer from gout have been found to have reached the third stage, because most of the second stage of gout symptoms can be handled properly.

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